LECANEMAB CLARITY AD: QUALITY-OF-LIFE RESULTS FROM A RANDOMIZED, DOUBLE-BLIND PHASE 3 TRIAL IN EARLY ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE
S. Cohen, C.H. van Dyck, M. Gee, T. Doherty, M. Kanekiyo, S. Dhadda, D. Li, S. Hersch, M. Irizarry, L.D. Kramer
J Prev Alz Dis 2023;4(10):771-777
BACKGROUND: Lecanemab is a humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody binding with high affinity to amyloid-beta protein protofibrils. In phase 3 development, lecanemab has been shown to reduce markers of amyloid in early Alzheimer’s disease and reduce decline on clinical endpoints of cognition and function at 18 months.
OBJECTIVES: To describe the health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) results from Clarity AD which were exploratory outcomes in this trial.
DESIGN: Clarity AD was an 18-month, multi-center, double-blind, phase 3 trial.
SETTING: Early Alzheimer’s disease.
PARTICIPANTS: Individuals 50-90 years of age with a diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment or mild dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease and positron emission tomography or cerebrospinal fluid evidence of cerebral amyloid accumulation.
INTERVENTION: Placebo or lecanemab 10-mg/kg IV biweekly.
MEASUREMENTS: HRQoL was measured at baseline and every 6 months using the European Quality of Life–5 Dimensions (EQ-5D-5L; by subject) and Quality of Life in AD (QOL-AD; by subject and proxy). Study partner burden was measured using the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI).
RESULTS: A total of 1795 participants were enrolled (lecanemab:898; placebo:897). At month 18, adjusted mean change from baseline in EQ-5D-5L and QOL-AD by subject showed 49% and 56% less decline, respectively. QOL-AD rated by study partner as proxy resulted in 23% less decline. ZBI adjusted mean change from baseline at 18 months resulted in 38% less increase of care partner burden. Individual HRQoL test items and dimensions also showed lecanemab benefit.
CONCLUSIONS: Lecanemab was associated with a relative preservation of HRQoL and less increase in caregiver burden, with consistent benefits seen across different quality of life scales and within scale subdomains. These benefits provide valuable patient reported outcomes which, together with previously reported benefits of lecanemab across multiple measures of cognition, function, disease progression, and biomarkers, demonstrate that lecanemab treatment may offer meaningful benefits to patients, care partners, and society.
S. Cohen ; C.H. van Dyck ; M. Gee ; T. Doherty ; M. Kanekiyo ; S. Dhadda ; D. Li ; S. Hersch ; M. Irizarry ; L.D. Kramer ; (2023): Lecanemab Clarity AD: Quality-of-Life Results from a Randomized, Double-Blind Phase 3 Trial in Early Alzheimer’s Disease. The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease (JPAD). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jpad.2023.123