HIGH INTAKE OF DIETARY CHOLESTEROL DECREASES THE RISK OF ALL-CAUSE DEMENTIA AND AD DEMENTIA: A RESULTS FROM FRAMINGHAM OFFSPRING COHORT
M. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, R. Fan, Y. Wen
J Prev Alz Dis 2023;4(10):748-755
BACKGROUND: Dietary cholesterol has been confirmed to be associated with high risks of diabetes, hypertension, and stroke, but whether it is detrimental to cognitive health is highly debated. This study aimed to investigate the associations between dietary cholesterol and all-cause dementia and AD dementia.
METHODS: This prospective study analyzed Framingham Offspring Study cohort (FOS) participants who were dementia-free at baseline and had detailed information on daily diet (measured by food frequency questionnaires) and demographic characteristics. Surveillance for incident dementia commenced at examination 5 (1991–1995) through 2018 and continued for approximately 30 years.
RESULTS: A total of 3249 subjects were included with a mean age of 54.7 years (SD: 9.8). During a median follow-up of 20.2 years (interquartile range: 14.2-24.8), a total of 312 incident dementia events occurred, including 211 (67.7%) cases of AD dementia. After multivariate adjustments for established dementia risk factors, participants with the highest intake of dietary cholesterol had a lower risk of all-cause dementia (HR: 0.70; 95% CI: 0.57-0.93) and AD dementia (HR: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.60-0.88) relative to individuals with the lowest intake. However, the associations were not significant for the group with a medium intake of dietary cholesterol.
CONCLUSION: High intake of dietary cholesterol was associated with a decreased risk of all-cause dementia and AD dementia. The findings of this observational study need to be confirmed by other studies to highlight the role of dietary cholesterol in the development of neurodegenerative diseases.
M. Wang ; Y. Wang ; Y. Zhang ; W. Zhang ; Y. Wang ; R. Fan ; Y. Wen ; (2023): High Intake of Dietary Cholesterol Decreases the Risk of All-Cause Dementia and AD Dementia: A Results from Framingham Offspring Cohort. The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease (JPAD). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jpad.2023.59