THE EFFECTS OF SUBJECTIVE COGNITIVE DECLINE ON APOE GENOTYPE DISCLOSURE IN THE BUTLER HOSPITAL ALZHEIMER’S PREVENTION REGISTRY
A.K.W. Lee, M.K. Collier, L.I. Thompson, D. Popescu, E. Arthur, S. Correia, S.P. Salloway, J. Alber
J Prev Alz Dis 2023;2(10):152-161
Background: Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) and APOE genotyping are both instrumental in identifying high-risk individuals for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) prevention trials.
Objective: This study examined the relationship between SCD and the impact of APOE disclosure on the psychological and behavioral health of cognitively unimpaired individuals.
Design/Setting/Participant: We recruited 189 trial volunteers (mean age 66, 65% female, 96% White), from the Butler Hospital Alzheimer’s Prevention Registry. Participants completed screening for cognitive impairment and a psychological readiness assessment before learning their APOE genotype, and were followed for 6 months after.
Results: SCD had a modest, temporary impact on mood and event-related distress following APOE disclosure, specifically on those who were ε4 carriers. The presence of SCD (SCD+) did not compound the AD genetic test-specific distress related to learning that one was an ε4 carrier. SCD also did not moderate changes in perceived AD risk, with all non-carriers showing a more rapid decrease in perceived risk over time than carriers. Counterintuitively, those without SCD (SCD-) reported taking more steps in future-directives than the SCD+ group at baseline and after disclosure, potentially suggesting that those with SCD may have subtle executive declines that limit future-oriented actions or fear-avoidance behaviors. Further, the SCD- group was more accurate in recalling their APOE status and the recall accuracy correlated with their broad knowledge about APOE as a risk gene for AD.
Conclusion: Our findings support the safety and tolerability of APOE disclosure in research volunteers regardless of their SCD statuses, but further studies are warranted to include diverse individuals and those pursuing testing through direct-to-consumer services outside of traditional research settings.
A.K.W. Lee ; M.K. Collier ; L.I. Thompson ; D. Popescu ; E. Arthur ; S. Correia ; S.P. Salloway ; J. Alber ; (2023): The Effects of Subjective Cognitive Decline on APOE Genotype Disclosure in the Butler Hospital Alzheimer’s Prevention Registry. The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease (JPAD). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jpad.2023.12