AT A GLANCE: AN UPDATE ON NEUROIMAGING AND RETINAL IMAGING IN ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE AND RELATED RESEARCH
J. Ford, D. Kafetsouli, H. Wilson, C. Udeh-Momoh, M. Politis, S. AhmadiAbhari, I. Rabiner, L.T. Middleton
J Prev Alz Dis 2022;1(9):67-76
Neuroimaging serves a variety of purposes in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and related dementias (ADRD) research - from measuring microscale neural activity at the subcellular level, to broad topological patterns seen across macroscale-brain networks, and everything in between. In vivo imaging provides insight into the brain’s structure, function, and molecular architecture across numerous scales of resolution; allowing examination of the morphological, functional, and pathological changes that occurs in patients across different AD stages (1). AD is a complex and potentially heterogenous disease, with no proven cure and no single risk factor to isolate and measure, whilst known risk factors do not fully account for the risk of developing this disease (2).
Since the 1990’s, technological advancements in neuroimaging have allowed us to visualise the wide organisational structure of the brain (3) and later developments led to capturing information of brain ‘functionality’, as well as the visualisation and measurement of the aggregation and accumulation of AD-related pathology. Thus, in vivo brain imaging has and will continue to be an instrumental tool in clinical research, mainly in the pre-clinical disease stages, aimed at elucidating the biological complex processes and interactions underpinning the onset and progression of cognitive decline and dementia.
The growing societal burden of AD/ADRD means that there has never been a greater need, nor a better time, to use such powerful and sensitive tools to aid our understanding of this undoubtedly complex disease. It is by consolidating and reflecting on these imaging advancements and developing long-term strategies across different disciplines, that we can move closer to our goal of dementia prevention. This short commentary will outline recent developments in neuroimaging in the field of AD and dementia by first describing the historical context of AD classification and the introduction of AD imaging biomarkers, followed by some examples of significant recent developments in neuroimaging methods and technologies.
J. Ford ; D. Kafetsouli ; H. Wilson ; C. Udeh-Momoh ; M. Politis ; S. AhmadiAbhari ; I. Rabiner ; L.T. Middleton ; (2022): At a Glance: An Update on Neuroimaging and Retinal Imaging in Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Research. The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease (JPAD). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jpad.2022.7