MULTIMODAL PREVENTIVE TRIAL FOR ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE: MIND-ADMINI PILOT TRIAL STUDY DESIGN AND PROGRESS
S. Sindi, C. Thunborg, A. Rosenberg, P. Andersen, S. Andrieu, L.M. Broersen, N. Coley, C. Couderc, C.Z. Duval, G. Faxen-Irving, G. Hagman, M. Hallikainen, K. Håkansson, J. Lehtisalo, N. Levak, F. Mangialasche, J. Pantel, E. Kekkonen, A. Rydström, A. Stigsdotter-Neely, A. Wimo, T. Ngandu, H. Soininen, T. Hartmann, A. Solomon, M. Kivipelto
J Prev Alz Dis 2022;1(9):30-39
Background: Interventions simultaneously targeting multiple risk factors and mechanisms are most likely to be effective in preventing cognitive impairment. This was indicated in the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER) testing a multidomain lifestyle intervention among at-risk individuals. The importance of medical food at the early symptomatic disease stage, prodromal Alzheimer’s disease (AD), was emphasized in the LipiDiDiet trial. The feasibility and effects of multimodal interventions in prodromal AD are unclear.
Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility of an adapted FINGER-based multimodal lifestyle intervention, with or without medical food, among individuals with prodromal AD.
Methods: MIND-ADmini is a multinational proof-of-concept 6-month randomized controlled trial (RCT), with four trial sites (Sweden, Finland, Germany, France). The trial targeted individuals with prodromal AD defined using the International Working Group-1 criteria, and with vascular or lifestyle-related risk factors. The parallel-group RCT includes three arms: 1) multimodal lifestyle intervention (nutritional guidance, exercise, cognitive training, vascular/metabolic risk management and social stimulation); 2) multimodal lifestyle intervention+medical food (Fortasyn Connect); and 3) regular health advice/care (control group). Primary outcomes are feasibility and adherence. Secondary outcomes are adherence to the individual intervention domains and healthy lifestyle changes.
Results: Screening began on 28 September 2017 and was completed on 21 May 2019. Altogether 93 participants were randomized and enrolled. The intervention proceeded as planned.
Conclusions: For the first time, this pilot trial tests the feasibility and adherence to a multimodal lifestyle intervention, alone or combined with medical food, among individuals with prodromal AD. It can serve as a model for combination therapy trials (non-pharma, nutrition-based and/or pharmacological interventions).
S. Sindi ; C. Thunborg ; A. Rosenberg ; P. Andersen ; S. Andrieu ; L.M. Broersen ; N. Coley ; C. Couderc ; C.Z. Duval ; G. Faxen-Irving ; G. Hagman ; M. Hallikainen ; K. Håkansson ; J. Lehtisalo ; N. Levak ; F. Mangialasche ; J. Pantel ; E. Kekkonen ; A. Rydström ; A. Stigsdotter-Neely ; A. Wimo ; T. Ngandu ; H. Soininen ; T. Hartmann ; A. Solomon ; M. Kivipelto ; ; (2022): Multimodal Preventive Trial for Alzheimer’s Disease: MIND-ADmini Pilot Trial Study Design and Progress. The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease (JPAD). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jpad.2022.4