DEVELOPMENT OF AN UPSA SHORT FORM FOR USE IN LONGITUDINAL STUDIES IN THE EARLY ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE SPECTRUM
T.E. Goldberg, P.D. Harvey, D.P. Devanand, R.S.E. Keefe, J.J. Gomar
J Prev Alz Dis 2020;3(7):179-183
BACKGROUND: In individuals with only mild or very mild cognitive attenuations (i.e., so-called pre-clinical AD), performance-based measures of function may be superior to informant-based measures because of increased sensitivity, greater reliability, and fewer ceiling effects.
Objective: We sought to determine if a performance-based measure of everyday function would demonstrate adequate psychometric properties and validity in the context of serial assessment over a one-year period in patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and early stage Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
Design: Participants were assessed with the performance-based measure at baseline, six weeks, and one year.
Setting: A specialized center for the assessment and treatment of AD.
Participants: Three groups of subjects participated: a healthy subjects (HS) older cognitively intact group (N=43), an MCI group (N=20), and an AD group (N=26).
Measurements: A three subtest short form of the UCSD Performance-Based Skills Assessment (UPSA) (called the UPSA-3) was the measure of interest. It consisted of the Communication, Planning, and Finance subtests.
Results: Mixed model repeated measures were used to assess performance over time. Large group effects were present (HS>MCI>AD). Additionally, the AD and MCI groups demonstrated declines over one year, while the HS group remained stable (group x time interaction p=.11). The MCI/AD group demonstrated adequate test-retest reliability and did not demonstrate ceiling or floor effects.
Conclusion: Our data indicate that the UPSA-3 is suitable for clinical trials in that it has adequate ecological coverage and reasonable psychometric properties, and perhaps most importantly, demonstrates validity in serial assessments.
T.E. Goldberg ; P.D. Harvey ; D.P. Devanand ; R.S.E. Keefe ; J.J. Gomar (2019): Predictive factors of in-hospital mortality in older adults with community-acquired bloodstream infection. The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease (JPAD). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jpad.2019.51