BASELINE SUBJECTIVE MEMORY COMPLAINTS ASSOCIATE WITH INCREASED RISK OF INCIDENT DEMENTIA: THE PREADVISE TRIAL
E.L. Abner, R.J. Kryscio, A.M. Caban-Holt, F.A. Schmitt
J Prev Alz Dis 2015;2(1):11-16
BACKGROUND: Subjective memory complaints reflect patient-identified deficits in memory and have been linked to increased risk of future dementia in nondemented (including cognitively intact) older adults.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of incident dementia during follow-up for participants in the Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease with Vitamin E and Selenium (PREADVISE) study who reported memory complaints at baseline.
DESIGN: Double-blind, placebo controlled 2x2 randomized controlled trial that transformed into an observational cohort following discontinuation of supplementation in the SELECT parent trial.
SETTING: PREADVISE participants were assessed at 130 local clinical study sites in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico during the controlled trial phase and were later followed by telephone from a centralized location during the observational phase.
PARTICIPANTS: PREADVISE enrolled a total of 7,547 nondemented men over the age of 60; 4,271 consented to participation in the observational study.
MEASUREMENTS: Participants were interviewed at baseline for memory complaints. The Memory Impairment Screen (MIS) was administered to each participant at the annual memory screening. Participants who failed the MIS also received a more detailed neurocognitive assessment: an expanded Consortium to Establish a Registry in Alzheimer’s Disease (CERADe) neuropsychological battery was used during the RCT, and the modified Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS-m) was used during the observational study. Participants who failed the second screen were asked to have a memory work-up with a local physician and to share their medical records with PREADVISE. Subgroups of men who did not fail the MIS were also asked to complete the CERADe battery and TICS-m for validation purposes. Additional measures collected include self-reported medical history, medication use, and the AD8 Dementia Screening Test.
RESULTS: After controlling for important risk factors for dementia, Cox proportional hazards regression revealed that men who reported memory changes at baseline had an 80% increase in the hazard of incident dementia compared to men who reported no SMC. Men who reported memory problems at baseline had almost a 6-fold increase in the hazard of incident dementia compared to men who reported no memory complaint.
CONCLUSIONS: Memory complaints in nondemented older men predicted future dementia. Men who reported that the changes in their memory were a problem were especially at risk, and the presence of common comorbidities like diabetes, sleep apnea, and history of head injury further exacerbated this risk.
E.L. Abner ; R.J. Kryscio ; A.M. Caban-Holt ; F.A. Schmitt (2015): Baseline Subjective Memory Complaints Associate with Increased Risk of Incident Dementia: The PREADVISE Trial. The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease (JPAD). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jpad.2015.37