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EARLY DETECTION OF MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT (MCI) IN PRIMARY CARE

M.N. Sabbagh, M. Boada, S. Borson, M. Chilukuri, B. Dubois, J. Ingram, A. Iwata, A.P. Porsteinsson, K.L. Possin, G.D. Rabinovici, B. Vellas, S. Chao, A. Vergallo, H. Hampel

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is significantly misdiagnosed in the primary care setting due to multi-dimensional frictions and barriers associated with evaluating individuals’ cognitive performance. To move toward large-scale cognitive screening, a global panel of clinicians and cognitive neuroscientists convened to elaborate on current challenges that hamper widespread cognitive performance assessment. This report summarizes a conceptual framework and provides guidance to clinical researchers and test developers and suppliers to inform ongoing refinement of cognitive evaluation. This perspective builds upon a previous article in this series, which outlined the rationale for and potentially against efforts to promote widespread detection of MCI. This working group acknowledges that cognitive screening by default is not recommended and proposes large-scale evaluation of individuals with a concern or interest in their cognitive performance. Such a strategy can increase the likelihood to timely and effective identification and management of MCI. The rising global incidence of AD demands innovation that will help alleviate the burden to healthcare systems when coupled with the potentially near-term approval of disease-modifying therapies. Additionally, we argue that adequate infrastructure, equipment, and resources urgently should be integrated in the primary care setting to optimize the patient journey and accommodate widespread cognitive evaluation.

CITATION:
M.N. Sabbagh ; M. Boada ; S. Borson ; M. Chilukuri ; B. Dubois ; J. Ingram ; A. Iwata ; A.P. Porsteinsson ; K.L. Possin ; G.D. Rabinovici ; B. Vellas ; S. Chao ; A. Vergallo ; H. Hampel (2020): Early Detection of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) in Primary Care. The Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease (JPAD). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jpad.2020.21

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